In Silvania, one and a half hours from Bogota, Francisco Tamayo is working to make Finca La Primavera a model for sustainable coffee farming in Colombia. Francisco’s family arrived to Silvania in 1976 when coffee was already planted on the fam, which his grandparents continued to cultivate. Land near Bogota is increasingly being used for recreation rather than agriculture, but Cundinamarca was a major coffee producer before the regions that currently dominate production rose to prominence. In the 1980’s, there was an economic crisis in Colombia that led to a crisis in coffee prices and Francisco’s family gave up coffee farming in favor of raising beef cattle and pigs.
Francisco’s background is in electrical engineering and he received a scholarship to study robotic automation in Japan, where he traveled around the country visiting factories and learning about technologies for automated optic recognition. He worked with optic sorters used in manufacturing (quality control for a pallet of soda bottles, ensuring that all caps are sealed and labels correctly affixed, for example), not knowing that soon he would see and employ those same technologies in coffee. In 2012, Francisco returned to Colombia and began the process of converting his family’s property back into a coffee farm, this time producing organic coffee.
The farm’s previous use as a cattle ranch had both pros and cons. Herds compact the soil and the ground was free from agrochemicals, meaning the soil is not contaminated and ready for conversion to organic agriculture. On the other hand, the soil was worn out and lacking nutrients. Cattle scrape off layers of soil as they graze, leading to erosion, and this left a high concentration of toxic metals, like aluminum, in the top layer of soil. Excess aluminum in the soil makes it difficult for plants to absorb nutrients; after several soil analyses Francisco and his team developed a fertilization plan to restore the soil to prepare the terrain to adequately feed the new coffee trees planted.
Finca La Primavera is taking extra steps beyond organic production to also become verified Bird Friendly. Representatives from the Smithsonian Migratory Bird Institute in Washington, DC, who manage the certification’s regulations, visited the farm to give recommendations. They saw La Primavera as a prime example of ecosystem restoration. La Primavera has planted more than one thousand trees of various native species to act as both shade for the coffee and habitats for birds and small mammals.
Francisco describes La Primavera’s philosophy through the farm’s motto: sustainable, fair, and positive. “Sustainable because of our work with the natural environment and being Rainforest Alliance certified, for our farm’s biodiversity and the natural reserve we have, for farming organically, including raising bees to promote pollination.
Fair because we help our neighbors. We don’t just support the pickers and their families, rather we are part of an ecosystem of farms and producers who work together in our efforts towards quality coffee and environmental stewardship.
Positive because we hold gatherings on the farm and invite producers to meet each other and connect. I always say I can share the knowledge I have, and that helps everyone sell their coffee.”
Francisco has a roasted coffee brand in Colombia called Cosecha Real, the royal harvest.
“Peaberry” seeds are the small, dense single seeds that sometimes develop inside of a coffee cherry instead of the typical two flat seeds.